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India’s e-waste to touch 5.2 MMT by 2020: ASSOCHAM-EY study

 

Sunday, March 03, 2019


New Delhi, March 2, 2019:
India’s production of e-waste is likely to increase by 5.2 MMT per annum by 2020 from 2 MMT in 2016 due to buoyant economic growth and changing consumption patterns, according to ASSOCHAM-EY joint study.
 
The factors that led to a growth of e-waste are digital transformation, Social and economic growth, rapid technology advances, dumping trash etc. The dumping used and waste EEE (electrical and electronic equipment) into developing or under developed countries by the developed countries.
 
India is among the top five e-waste generating countries in the world besides China, the US, Japan and Germany. Among states, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 19.8% but recycles only about 47,810 tonne per annum (TPA). Tamil Nadu with e-waste contribution of 13% recycled about 52,427 TPA; Uttar Pradesh (10.1%) recycles about 86,130 TPA; West Bengal (9.8%), Delhi (9.5%), Karnataka (8.9%), Gujarat (8.8%) and Madhya Pradesh 7.6%, as per the joint report .
 
According to ASSOCHAM-EY joint report, 44.7 MMT of e-waste was generated worldwide in 2016 and it is expected to grow at a rate of 3.15% (CAGR). Following the current growth rate of rising e–waste, it is estimated that by 2021, e–waste will rise to 52.2 MMT.
 
Electronic waste refers to all items of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) which includes general consumer electronics, such as TV appliances, computers, laptops, tablets, mobile phones, white goods and industrial grade electronics, such as telecommunication systems, instrumentation systems and electronic machinery.
 
E-waste is hazardous due to presence of many deadly chemicals and metals like lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury, polyvinyl chlorides (PVC), brominated flame retardants, beryllium, antimony and phthalates. Longterm exposure to these substances damages the nervous systems, kidney, bones, reproductive and endocrine systems.
 
The large share of e-waste (more than 95%) gets channelized to unorganized sector as these small shops use low-cost rudimentary methods of processing to recover materials. Lack of consumer awareness is another reason for channelization of e-waste to unorganized sector, noted the joint paper.
 
E-waste (Management) Amended Rules 2018 makes producers liable to collect 10% to 70% (over seven years) of the e-waste they produce but industry is unable to cope up with these targets. Around 70% of e-waste is generated by private households, majority of which is collected and managed by the unorganized sector.
 
Recognizing that e-waste must be managed using a lifecycle approach, a set of policies and standards should be developed so as to address the product design to decrease the inherent challenges from the outset like electronic product environmental assessment tool (EPEAT), the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Design for Environment (DfE) approach and the European Eco-Design Directive.
 
UEEE must also be appropriately protected against any damage caused during transportation, loading and unloading so as to guarantee that the product remains in reusable condition
 
In a country like India where most of e-waste is processed by unorganized sector, preventing future e-waste problems require the development of low cost and environment friendly recycling and disposal infrastructure. Since electronics are in use everywhere, e-waste is generated everywhere. Investment should be made in R&D of environment-friendly recycling technologies that can be deployed at small scale with minimal capex across India.
 
 
About ASSOCHAM:
 
ASSOCHAM initiated its endeavour of value creation for Indian industry in 1920. It was established by promoter Chambers, representing all regions of India. Having in its fold over 400 Chambers and Trade Associations, and serving over 4.5 lakh members across India. ASSOCHAM has emerged as the fountainhead of Knowledge for Indian industry, which is all set to redefine the dynamics of growth and development in the Knowledge Based Economy. More information available on www.assocham.org
 
For further details, please contact:
 
Manju Negi
AVDHESH SHARMA   
ASSOCHAM
ASSOCHAM   
011-46550509; +919810910911
011-46550508; +918527639419
 

 

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